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New Perspectives on the History of British Science from the 17th to the 19th Centuries AGENDA

“New Perspectives on the History of British Science from the 17th to the 19th Centuries” is a seminar series hosted by the Journal of Dialectics of Nature and Professor Bernard Lightman. It will last from September 2022 to June 2023, with a monthly session throughout the 10-month duration. We have scholarly papers from 20 contributors based in 15 cities in China, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia. Join us for the sessions that interest you and be sure to mark your calendars.

 

The following is the agenda of the series

New Perspectives on the History of British Science
  from the 17th to the 19th Centuries

Session number

Topic

Date and time

Seminar 1

Issues in Nineteenth Century Astronomy

9:00 AM Beijing Time, Monday Sept. 19th, 2022/
  6:00 PM Edmonton Time, Sunday Sept. 18th, 2022

Speech Title:   Visual Technology and Religious Sentiment in Nineteenth-Century Popular   Astronomy Lecturing
  Lecturer: Huang Hsiang-Fu
 
Location: Tianjin, China

Speech Title:   The Retellings of the Discovery of Neptune
  Lecturer: Robert Smith
 
Location: Edmonton, Canada

Seminar 2

Imagination and Innovation in Natural Philosophy

12:00 Noon   Oxford Time/
  7:00 PM Beijing Time, Monday October 17, 2022

Speech Title:   The Imagination and Conceptions of Scientific Creativity 1760-1840
  Lecturer: Robert Iliffe
  Location:  Oxford, United Kingdom

Speech Title:   The Mathematics Work of Thomson and Stokes in "Notes on   Hydrodynamics"
  Lecturer: Mu Ruiping
  Location:  Xi’an, China

Seminar 3

  Darwin and the Big Picture

9:00 AM Toronto/
  10:00 PM Beijing Time, Monday November 14th, 2022

Speech Title:   Was natural selection abandoned in Darwin psychological study—— an analysis   based on his hypothetico-deductive methodology
  Lecturer: Liu Hongjin
  Location: Beijing, China

Speech Title:   Nineteenth-Century British Science and the Big Picture
  Lecturer: Bernard Lightman
  Location: Toronto, Canada

Seminar 4

Gardens as Scientific Sites in the Early Modern Period

8:00 PM Eugene,   Oregon, Sunday Dec. 11th, 2023/
  12:00 Noon Beijing Time, Monday Dec. 12th, 2022

Speech Title:   Charting Plants: Robert Morison’s Practice of Visualising Botanical   Classification
  Lecturer: Jiang Che
  Location: Beijing, China

Speech Title:   “Garden Philosophy”: The early 17th-century Pleasure Garden as Experimental   and Colonial Site
  Lecturer: Vera Keller
  Location: Eugene, USA

Seminar 5

The Chemical Revolution and Climate Change

8:00 PM Durham,   New Hampshire, Sunday January 8th/
  9:00 AM Beijing time January 9th, 2023

Speech Title:   Between Atomism, Elementalism, and Empiricism: The Chemical Studies of   Étienne-François Geoffrey
  Lecturer: Tong Yichen
  Location: Beijing, China

Speech Title:   Climate Change and Society in Britain, 1790-1820
  Lecturer: Jan Golinski
  Location: Durham, USA

Seminar 6

Imperial   Economies and the Exchange of Natural Knowledge in the 17th and 18th Centuries

2:00 PM,   Cambridge, England, Monday Feb. 13th, 2023
  /9:00 PM, Beijing Time, Feb. 13th, 2023

Speech Title:   Construction of botany and imperial economy ecosphere during the 18th century   in Britain
  Lecturer: Zhang Jianhong
  Location: Nanjing, China

Speech Title:   James Petiver and Georg Joseph Kamel: Knowledge in Transit Between London and   Manila (c. 1700)
  Lecturer: Sebestian Kroupa
  Location: Cambridge, England

Seminar 7

Optics and Astronomy

 

 

12:00 Noon,   Coventry, England/
  9:00 PM Sydney, Australia, March 13th, 2023

Speech Title:   The Dark Chamber: Descartes, Hobbes and the Epistemological Implications of   Kepler’s Optics
  Lecturer: Ofer Gal
  Location: Sydney, Australia

Speech Title:   Fly Me to the Moon: Lunar Projects in Seventeenth-Century England
  Lecturer: Xiaona Wang
  Location: Coventry, England

Seminar 8

Empire and Gender

9:00 AM Beijing  Time, Monday April 10th, 2023

Speech Title: Challenge   or opportunity? The establishment of the North China Branch of the Royal   Asiatic Society in the context of scientific imperialism
  Lecturer: Qian Yibing
  Location: Shanghai, China

Speech Title:   Angel’s Wings: Three British Women Illustrators and Colonial Ornithology
  Lecturer: Jiang Hong
  Location: Chengdu, China

Seminar 9

Science and Industry

9:00 AM   Middletown, Conn., USA/
  9:00 PM Beijing Time, Monday May 8th, 2023

Speech Title:   “The Sino-British Scientific Communication and the Early Development of   Chinese Nuclear Industry in the Mid-20th Century”.
  Lecturer: Liu Xiao
  Location: Beijing, China

Speech Title:   Photography at the Nexus of Science and Industry
  Lecturer: Jennifer Tucker
  Location: Middletown, USA

Seminar 10

The Royal Society of London

2:00 PM St.   Andrews, Scotland/
  9:00 PM Beijing Time, Monday June 12, 2023

Speech Title: A   Last-minute Kick: William Grove and the Scientific Reform of the Royal   Society in 19th Century
  Lecturer: Luo Xingbo and Yi Zihi
  Location: Beijing, China

Speech Title:   Academy transactions and the global circulation of scientific knowledge: The
  Royal Society’s gifts, exchanges and sales, c.1800-1950
  Lecturer: Aileen Fyfe
  Location: St. Andrews, Scotland

                                                                                       


The event is set to take place at a time friendly to most international participants. Our organizing committee is keen for you to attend.

 

For up-to-date conference schedule and academic information, please visit http://jdn.ucas.ac.cn/public/index.php/english/news to keep informed by the organizing committee and to find out more about each monthly session shortly before they take place.

 

 

 


Robert S. Cohen Commemoration Symposium Held

Robert S. Cohen (1923―2017) was a world-famous scientist and philosopher and a humanitarian Marxist. In 1985, he visited China for lectures the first time at the invitation of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature, and developed a deep friendship with the circle of science and technology philosophy in China. To commemorate his contribution, Journal of Dialectics of Nature held the Robert S. Cohen Commemoration Symposium at the Yuquan Campus of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS) on April 28, 2018. Fan Dainian, Qiu Renzong, Wang Delu, Ren Dingcheng, Liu Xiaoli, Lei Yi, Zhang Zengyi, Cui Weiqi, Sun Yongping, Tian Song, Hu Zhiqiang and Wang Daming attended the meeting. Wu Tong submitted a written speech.

Mr. Fan Dainian introduced Cohen’s academic contribution in many aspects, reviewed his experience of editing and publishing Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science (Chinese Volume) together with Cohen. He noted that Cohen was a Marxist scholar with global reputation and a humanitarian Marxist, and once acted as the chairman of American Marxism Research Society. He wrote the two items about Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the Dictionary of Scientific Biography. He was serious and earnest in the study on Marxism, which was concise and deep-going. For example, when explaining Marx’s assertion that “religion is the opium to people”, Cohen said the historical background under which Marx said the word should be considered; back then, opium was considered to be a painkiller rather than a drug. So, the word doesn’t mean Marx completely negated religion.

Mr. Qiu Renzong said, Cohen was talented and led a colorful life. He was called by other scholars as “a philosopher, a physicist, a talented critic, an extraordinary organizer, an administrative executive, an earnest religion researcher, a traveler, an inexhaustible social activist, an excellent clarinet performer, a philosopher of science, a Marxist, a humanist, a cosmopolite and a global master of science and philosophy”. Mr, Qiu Renzong also mentioned Cohen’s contribution to Marxism, including his concern over the capital market and his analysis of the failure of Soviet Socialism.

In combination with his study on the sociology of science and his experience in offering enterprises consulting services, Wang Delu talked about Cohen’s recognition of the social functions of science and technology from the perspective of Marxism. He particularly mentioned Cohen’s care for the economic functions of science and technology, which will help us understand the phenomena about Silicon Valley and Zhongguancun.

Ren Dingcheng, Wu Tong, Sun Yongping and Cui Weiqi all noted that Marx's view of Science is a major part of Marxist ideology and an important ideological tradition used to understand science and technology as a social phenomenon; they also reviewed Cohen’s unique contribution to the ideological tradition. They considered that, a key part of Cohen’s interpretation of Marx's view of Science is that he regarded science as part of the social history. Sun Yongping talked about the inclusiveness and broadness of Cohen’s ideology, saying Cohen highlighted the connection between Marxism and logical empiricism, noted that both schools combine humanism with naturalism, and emphasized the conceptual analysis and historical analysis of the logic of science. Mr. Cui Weiqi said Cohen was a left-wing scholar with his theories serving as a banner, and Cohen’s theories about the social significance of science shall be valued.

Liu Xiaoli, Lei Yi, Tian Song, Zhang Zengyi and Wang Daming talked about Cohen’s exchanges and friendship with the circle of science and technology philosophy in China. Lei Yi described Cohen’s donation of his books to Tsinghua University Library, and expected to see the use of the books by more scholars and graduates in the philosophy of science and technology. Liu Xiaoli introduced Cohen’s contribution to academic communication, saying Cohen mentioned talent training in China on multiple occasions and was very friendly to Chinese scholars, and his humanitarian feelings and his character as a Marxist were fully reflected in academic exchanges. Tian Song had in-depth exchanges and close ties with Cohen’s family. He told some stories about his exchanges with Cohen, revealing Cohen’s innocence, humor, warmth and lenience as a philosopher. Zhang Zengyi described the scene when he met with Cohen at an academic seminar. Back then, Cohen had to sit in a wheelchair. When he was pushed to the venue, he insisted on getting out of the wheelchair and walking to his seat to show his respect to attendees and academics.

Born in 1923, Robert S. Cohen went to Wesleyan University to study physics in 1939, and entered Yale University in 1943 to study for the master’s degree and doctor’s degree in physics. In 1957, he began to work at Boston University and once acted as the Director of the Department of Physics. Since 1959, he had been teaching at the Department of Philosophy of Boston University. He died at home on the early morning of June 19, 2017 (Boston time).

 


Starting from the “Springtime for Science”—An Academic Symposium in Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of the Launch of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature and the 40th Anniversary of the Founding of the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

2018 marked the 40th anniversary of several landmark events, including: China’s reform and opening-up; the holding of the National Science Conference that unveiled the “Springtime of Science”; the founding of the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; and the 40th anniversary of the launch of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature. Journal of Dialectics of Nature was personally instructed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping in 1978, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences consequently set up the Periodical Office of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature. The famous philosopher and economist Mr. Yu Guangyuan was its first chief editor, and the famous physicist Qian Sanqiang served as its first president. In October 1978, a trial issue of the journal was published, and four more issues were published in 1979; the journal had been published bimonthly for a long time after its launch, and was changed to a monthly from the first issue of 2018.

To celebrate the 40th anniversary of the founding of the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Journal of Dialectics of Nature and the China Institute for Innovation & Development Strategy jointly sponsored an academic symposium themed “Starting from the ‘Springtime of Science’”. The symposium aimed to review and summarize the huge progress and achievements made in science and technology since China introduced reform and opening-up 4 decades ago, to discuss and sum up the successful experience of the innovative development of China’s scientific & technological system reform, and to reflect on and display CAS’s leading and demonstration role in advancing the scientific & technological system reform.

I. Agenda

22nd September 10:00-12:00

“Starting from the ‘Springtime of Science’” Academic Symposium

22nd September 16:00-18:00

A symposium in celebration of the 40th anniversary of the founding of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature

23rd September 10:00-12:00

Editorial Board of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature

II. Time and Venue

22nd September 10:00-12:00

2/F Conference Hall, Auditorium, Yuquan Campus, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

22nd September 16:00-18:00 & 23rd September 10:00-12:00

International Conference Center, Huairou Campus, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

III. Notes

Cost for meals and accommodation will be borne by the organizer, but the travelling expenses will be borne by the participants. Transport from the Yuquan Campus to Huairou Campus for the meeting on the noon of 22nd will be arranged in a unified manner.

Journal of Dialectics of Nature 

China Institute for Innovation & Development Strategy


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