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Lasers : Invention to Application( p. 51)

This paper deals with science ,technology and application interaction in laser development ,including four parts;(1) how the technological invention depend on scientific knowledge ,(2) how the different actors respond to the emergence of lasers ,(3) Technological evolution and the role of industrial research laboratories ,(4) uncertainty and application. Based on these discussion ,this paper make some concluding observations emphasizing that the science should focus on designing the policies of stimulating interaction between basic research and application.